Redan 2008 införde Kanadas västliga provins British Columbia Nordamerikas första stigande koldioxidskatt med full utdelning. Mellan 2007 och 2015 växte provinsens bruttonationalprodukt med mer än 17 % medan utsläppen minskade med 4,7 %. Läs mer här. Och här.
2019 införde den federala regeringen en liknande koldioxidskatt med full utdelning i alla provinser och territorier i Kanada som inte redan har beskattning av koldioxid.
Skatten kallas Price on Pollution. Det ska inte längre vara tillåtet att förorena atmosfären med utsläpp från mänsklig verksamhet.
Skatten på alla fossila bränslen är 20 kanadensiska dollar 2019 och stiger till 50 dollar 2022.
Intäkterna från skatten delas ut i lika stora delar till alla medborgare i den provins där de samlats in. Glesbygdsbor får extra utdelning.
Se president Justin Trudeau presentera beslutet i oktober 2018. (Via Facebook)
En officiell uppskattning av konsekvenserna av den federala koldioxidskatten finns här.
Konkurrensutsatt industri måste skyddas när ett land inför en stigande koldioxidavgift med full utdelning. Kanada har valt en egen lösning för detta som kallas output-based pricing system. Läs mer om det här. Principiell förklaring finns här.
Fler länkar om Kanadas version av Avgift och Utdelning:
Läs pressmeddelandet från Citizens' Climate Lobby här under.
Canada adopts carbon fee and dividend to rein in climate change
SUDBURY ON., Oct. 23, 2018 — Carbon fee and dividend, the solution to tackle climate change proposed by Citizens’ Climate Lobby, has emerged as the default policy in Canada to price carbon and reduce the greenhouse gas emissions contributing to global warming.
Beginning in 2019, Canada’s federal policy will put a rising fee on carbon emissions and return the revenue directly to Canadians. The federal policy is a backstop to cover the four provinces that have not initiated their own carbon-pricing policies. Nearly half of Canadians live in these provinces.
“For years, CCL grassroots lobbyists have pressed both the U.S. and the Canadian governments to enact carbon fee and dividend to bring heat-trapping emissions under control,” said Mark Reynolds, Executive Director of Citizens’ Climate Lobby. “We’re thrilled that Canada is taking the lead with this policy, and we hope their decision will inspire the U.S. Congress to take similar action.”
The policy announced today by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau applies a tax on carbon starting at $20 per ton in 2019, rising $10 per ton annually until it reaches $50 per ton in 2022. Residents and businesses in Ontario, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and New Brunswick, the four provinces subject to the federal tax, will receive rebate checks that will exceed the amount of the carbon tax paid by the average family.
Trudeau summed up the problem simply in today’s announcement: “It is free to pollute, so we have too much pollution.” He presented the solution simply too, saying, “Starting next year, it will no longer be free to pollute anywhere in Canada. We are going to place a price on the pollution that causes climate change from coast to coast to coast. We’re also going to help Canadians adjust to this new reality.”
He stated that a family of four would receive $307 with their tax return this spring. That will more than double to $718 by 2022. Using one province as an example, Trudeau said, “Eight in 10 Ontario families will get back more than they pay.” The policy also includes extra support for small, rural and remote Canadian communities. Trudeau emphasized that “every nickel” of the carbon pricing revenue would be returned to Canadians.
Since its inception in 2010, CCL Canada has lobbied relentlessly for Ottawa to adopt carbon fee and dividend, over the years holding 793 meetings with members of Parliament and generating thousands of letters to the editor and op-eds in support of the policy.
“We’re the little lobby that could,” said Cathy Orlando, CCL’s International Outreach Manager based in Sudbury, Ontario. “Our patience and persistence has been rewarded with an effective program that puts Canada on the path to meeting its global obligation on climate change. Today’s announcement is also an affirmation of CCL’s approach to engaging government with an attitude of appreciation, respect and being nonpartisan.”
Earlier this month, CCL Canada held its 5th annual conference, sending 55 citizen lobbyists to Parliament Hill to meet with MPs. Throughout the 36 CCL chapters in Canada, volunteers also met with staff in the local offices of members of Parliament.
“The recent report from the IPCC warned us that we have little more than a decade to get our act together and take unprecedented actions to avert catastrophic climate change,” said Reynolds. “Carbon fee and dividend is one of those unprecedented actions that not only reduces our risk, but also protects our economy by putting money in people’s pockets.”
Steve Valk, steve @ citizensclimate.org, 404-769-7461 or
Cathy Orlando cathy @ citizensclimate.org, 705-929-4043
www.klimatsvaret.se • © Klimatsvaret - CCL Sverige 2013 • Sidan uppdaterad 2019-04-12
Klimatsvaret - CCL Sverige